What symptoms may indicate you have a hernia?
Hernias can be painful and, if left untreated, can lead to serious complications. If you are experiencing any of the symptoms below, our specialists at the Hernia Center of Northeast Georgia Medical Center (NGMC) can determine treatment options specific to your case.
Signs and symptoms of a hernia will vary based on the type of hernia you have. There are four main types of hernias:
- Inguinal hernia
- Femoral hernia
- Umbilical hernia
- Hiatal hernia
An inguinal hernia may develop if part of your intestine pushes into the groin at the top section of your inner thigh.
Inguinal hernias are the most common type, accounting for approximately 75% of abdominal wall hernias. While inguinal hernias can occur in both men and women, they are more common in men.
Symptoms of inguinal hernias in men:
- A visible or palpable bulge that becomes more pronounced when you cough or strain.
- Mild to severe pain in the area that intensifies with strenuous activities, such as lifting or straining.
- Sensation of pressure or tugging around scrotum or testicles.
Symptoms of inguinal hernias in women:
- Pain or pressure in the affected area
- Bulge at the affected area
- Pain or discomfort that intensifies with activity
- Sensation of burning in the affected area
Symptoms of inguinal hernias in children:
If your child has a bulge in the groin or scrotum, it may be an inguinal hernia. Some children are born with a weakness in his/her abdominal wall. If the hernia cannot be pushed back into the belly, the intestine may be stuck in the abdominal muscle. If this occurs, your child may experience:
- Nausea or vomiting
- Full belly
- Discoloration around the affected area
If your child has any of these symptoms, your child may have a strangulated hernia. Contact your doctor right away to determine your next steps.
A femoral hernia may develop when part of your intestine pushes into the groin. Femoral hernias typically affect older women.
Femoral hernias are relatively rare, only accounting for 3% of hernia cases. If you have a small or medium sized hernia, you may not have any symptoms or see a bulge.
Larger femoral hernias are generally more noticeable and can cause pain or discomfort. Symptoms of femoral hernias include:
- Visible bulge in the groin area near the upper thigh
- The bulge may cause pain when you lift heavy objects, strain or even just from standing up
- Hip pain (if the hernia is close to the hip bone)
An umbilical hernia develops when part of your intestine pushes through the abdomen near your belly button.
Umbilical hernias are relatively common, and in most cases, painless. While umbilical hernias generally affect infants, they can also affect adults.
- If a baby’s bellybutton protrudes when he or she cries, strains or coughs, it is a sign of an umbilical hernia.
- If an umbilical hernia presents in adulthood, it can cause abdominal pain or discomfort.
- If your infant has an umbilical hernia and seems to be in pain, vomits or has swelling or discoloration in the affected area, contact your doctor right away.
A hiatal hernia is when a section of your stomach pushes up into the chest cavity through an opening in the diaphragm.
While a hiatal hernia can affect men and women of all ages, it generally affects people over the age of 50. You are also at higher risk of developing a hiatal hernia if you are overweight or a smoker.
There are not external bulges with hiatal hernias. Symptoms may include:
- Problems swallowing
- Gastrointestinal reflux
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
If you are experiencing symptoms of a hernia, schedule an appointment with one of our specialists at the Hernia Center of NGMC. Our team of experienced hernia surgeons have performed more than 5,200 minimally invasive hernia surgeries, so you can trust we have the experience and expertise to care for you.
Contact us, schedule an appointment or learn more about the Hernia Center of NGMC.