Clinical Performance - Heart Attack
A heart attack, also called an acute myocardial infarction (AMI), occurs when one of the heart’s arteries becomes blocked and the supply of blood and oxygen to part of the heart muscle is slowed or stopped. When the heart muscle doesn’t get the oxygen and nutrients it needs, the affected heart tissue may die.
All indicators of care suggested for heart attacks as a core measure are listed below. Click each indicator to learn why it’s important and how Northeast Georgia Medical Center (NGMC) compares nationally for that indicator.
The statistics below were compiled by Fourth Quarter 2012 through Third Quarter 2013 discharges, as reported to the Hospital Quality Alliance.
This chart shows the percentage of heart attack patients who were prescribed aspirin upon discharge from the hospital. Following a heart attack, continued use of aspirin may help reduce the risk of another heart attack.
Percutaneous Coronary Interventions (PCI) are procedures that are among the most effective ways to open blocked blood vessels and restore blood flow following a heart attack. Improving blood flow to your heart as quickly as possible lessens the damage to your heart muscle and increases your chances of survival. PCI procedures involve a catheter (a flexible tube) that is inserted, often through your leg, and guided through the blood vessels to the blockage. PCI procedures include:
- Angioplasty - a balloon is inflated to open the blood vessel.
- Stenting - a small wire tube is placed in the blood vessel to hold it open.
- Atherectomy - a blade or laser cuts through and removes the blockage.
Statins are drugs used to lower cholesterol. Cholesterol is a fat (also called a lipid) that your body needs to work properly. Cholesterol levels that are too high can increase your chance of getting heart disease, stroke, and other problems. For patients who had a heart attack and have high cholesterol, taking Statins can lower the chance that they’ll have another heart attack or die.
This measure shows the percent of patients who had a heart attack who got a prescription for a Statin before discharge from the hospital. Patients who shouldn’t take Statins aren’t included in this measure